four prototypes. three of them with similar box type; oil cans, and the fourth would be made from salvaged wood. Minimal structure to keep weight down, the wooden box would be approximately 6-8kg, where else the oil can kamras would hopefully be below 3kg.

  • no.1— interchange
  • no.2— fold camera
  • no.3— bulb
  • no.4— wooden box
Post grant period 2016 onwards
  • no.5— element camera
  • no.6— sphere camera
  • no.7— bilik obscura

prototype no.1— interchange (completed & first print apr 2015)
with interchangeable lens boards, and an interesting focusing mechanism, this is the most versatile camera based on the principles of the kamra design. it will only feature a single door on the rear.

ready and complete for testing, mounting of lens board via riveted local currency coins

prototype no.2— fold camera (completed end 2014, first print dec 2014)
attaching a fold camera as the lens and focusing element. this was the first prototype built, as it had more framing to hold the fold camera. much was learnt from this build as it solved issues for other similar prototypes; e.g the internal framing screw mounts to the shell (oil can), the height/calculation for the film plane (paper holder, clearance space needed to place paper), the boards for front and rear.

first of the prototypes to be completed, the easiest to operate

prototype no.3— bulb (completed end 2014, first print July 2015)
this version is made entirely from reused, repurposed, salvaged and upcycled materials. every aspect of the build, even the lens. this would be a challenging build. there are still issues with the elements and the build, and in need of refinement.

not the most ideal lens, but it's possible to make an image, the trickiest kamra to handle

prototype no. 4— wooden box (completed end 2014, first print )
made from unwanted wood, this kamra would be the most complex build as it need to be put together form irregular wood planks. the internal framing would need to be strong enough to keep the plank walls in place and also keep the structure of the box intact. approximately 11 x 14 x 20"

structurally the most challenging, working with thrown-away wooden panels, has the best lense

prototype no.5— element camera #5elecamm (completed end 2016, first print dec 2016)

shots at 10x12", has a separate darkroom tent to process the prints

prototype no.6— sphere camera #6spherecamm (completed & first print apr 2017)

with & without the external dark cloth

prototype no.7— bilik obscura #7bilikobscura (completed & first print june 2017)

20x24" room camera